I came across this Solarwinds Patch Manager that claims to support 3rd party patching with just WSUS server - no SCUP or SCCM needed. Hence, I decided to give its free 30-day eval a try. Since it claims to be so easy, I just tried to install without reading the manual. Soon after, I realized it's a bait to get you started and I've to go start reading the admin guide from scratch.
I won't repeat the entire setup procedure. I would just summarize the steps:
- Install the Patch Manager and follow the wizard.
- Add some service accounts that have admin rights over your WSUS servers to the credential ring
- Add the existing WSUS servers and other AD information into the Patch Manager using "Managed Resource Enterprise Configuration Wizard"
- This is for signing 3rd party patches. Generate WSUS self-signed publishing certificate using Server Publishing Setup Wizard. The security folks may not like it - I tried using a code signing pfx from the enterprise PKI but it just simply refused to accept.
- Since the digital signature certificate is self-signed, it has to be distributed to the "Trusted Root CA" store for all update clients. You can distribute the self-signed cert using either the "Client Publishing Wizard" in Solarwinds or the Group Policy.
- Remember to enable "Allow signed updates from an intranet Microsoft update service location" on the "Windows Components/Windows Update" of the GPO settings. Otherwise, the update clients would only accept Microsoft signed updates by default.
For 3rd party software patching, here are the high level steps (all within the Solarwinds Patch Manager console):
- Download the 3rd party patches - usually in exe format
- Convert and transform the file into *.cab file, which would be signed with the WSUS self-signed cert.
- Publish the updates to WSUS server
There is also a demo video guide on it.
Now, I tried updating the outdated Java on my first update client. Excitedly, I saw this when I clicked on the "Check for updates" on the security control panel. I thought it was going to succeed.
Alas, there was error 0x800b0004 in installing. Going to the "WindowsUpdate.log" on the "C:\Windows" folder. I saw the following logs:
Validating signature for C:\Windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\898736be7c675a750734920f38c55636\66b811b903ecd87fef17e4dc58d2aaa52688917b:
Misc Microsoft signed: No
Trusted Publisher: No
WARNING: Digital Signatures on file C:\Windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\898736be7c675a750734920f38c55636\66b811b903ecd87fef17e4dc58d2aaa52688917b are not trusted: Error 0x800b0004
Using the certificate mmc, the self-signed WSUS certificate is on the trusted Root CA store. But why Windows refused to trust the digital signature? I looked at the error again and noticed that the digital signature was not from a Trusted Publisher.
I manually added the self-signed cert to the "Trusted Publisher" store to the update client. After retrying to install the update, the success message appeared: